The Bureau of Secondary Education: Its Legal Bases
A. Constitution of the Philippines
The following sections of Article XIV entitled: Education, Science and Technology provide:
Section 1 -- The state shall protect the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
Section 2 -- The state shall: (1) establish, maintain, and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society; and (2) establish and maintain a system of free public education in the elementary and high school levels.
Section 3(2) -- All educational institutions shall inculcate patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country; develop moral character and personal discipline; encourage critical and creative thinking; broaden scientific and technological knowledge; and promote vocational efficiency.
B. Education Act of 1982
Rule II, Section 1 of this Act defines the basic state policy and educational objectives as follows:
It has been declared a basic state policy that the educational system make maximum contribution to the attainment of national development goals; that among others, the state promote and maintain equality of access to education and of enjoyment of the benefits of education by all citizens; that the state recognize education as an instrument for the development of the cultural communities of the nation; that the educational system reach out to serve educationally deprived communities to enrich their participation in the community and national life, and to unify all Filipinos into a free and just nation.
It is therefore the duty of all officers and employees involved in the administration of the educational system, and of all educational institutions and their personnel, to support and promote the basic educational policies and objectives of the educational system, as provided for in the Act, and as embodied as principles in the Constitution, as well as relevant policies under existing laws.
C. Chapter 3, Section 63 of this Act defines the functions of the Bureau as follows:
1. Conduct studies and formulate, develop and evaluate programs and educational standards for secondary education;
2. Develop curricular designs, prepare instructional materials, and prepare and evaluate programs to upgrade the quality of the teaching and non-teaching staff at the secondary level; and
3. Formulate guidelines to improve the secondary school physical plants and equipment, and general management of these schools.